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- To: common-lisp@SU-AI.ARPA
- Subject: which package...
- From: Rob MacLachlan <RAM@C.CS.CMU.EDU>
- Date: Mon, 10 Mar 1986 07:27:00 -0000
The Spice Lisp packaging rules are someething like this:
Anything which is:
1] Defined in the manual.
2] Needed to support something in the manual, e.g. debugger
3] A potentially portable language extension, e.g. MULTIPLE-VALUE-SETF.
4] User interface commands which should always be availble,
e.g. QUIT and SAVE-ALL-BUFFERS.
Random implementation constants and system interface facilities.
The idea is that all symbols which are needed for writing portable
programs are available from the LISP package. Packages only use type
SYSTEM package if they are doing system hacking. The only
reservation I have about this scheme is with the "portable extensions"
being exported from the LISP package. It would probably be a good
idea to put them somewhere else.
It seems that the big discrepancy between what we are doing and what
other people advocate has to do with the SYSTEM package. There seem
to be two interpretations of what the SYSTEM package is for:
1] The system package provides facilities needed for systems
programming. (Spice Lisp)
2] The system package provides system dependent user interface
facilities. (Greek, KMP)
In the first case, random users clearly don't want to use the SYSTEM
package. In the second case, they definitely do. I would argue that
if the system package has facilities which you always want to be
there, then it should be in the default use list.
From: "BACH::GREEK" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: What's in the standard packages?
1. The LISP package should have external symbols which exactly are the
Common LISP standard.
Symbols not mentioned in the manual may need to be exported from LISP
in order for things to work. This is because environment interface
functions are incompletely defined in the manual. It would be silly
to export a function from LISP and not be able to use it beacuse some
magic frob it needs isn't available.
2. Either the SYSTEM package or some implementation-specific package
should contain any implementation extensions to Common LISP. Might
as well make this the SYSTEM package.
I don't think extensions should come from the SYSTEM package. It
seems to me that there is a difference between a language extension
and a system dependent feature.
3. The USER package should use both the LISP and SYSTEM packages.
4. What should MAKE-PACKAGE use by default? Clearly the LISP package.
Probably not the SYSTEM package, although this would result in an
incompatible change for any implementation that currently puts all
public symbols in the LISP package. Such is life.
It is pretty wierd to say that USER should use the SYSTEM package yet
the default shouldn't include SYSTEM. USER is nothing if not the
Date: Sunday, 9 March 1986 18:48-EST
From: Kent M Pitman <KMP at SCRC-STONY-BROOK.ARPA>
Re: Can, could, may, might, must, ...
The manual seems to take no stand on what should -not- be in the
LISP package. It says that the things in the book should be, but
it does not say, for example, whether it's appropriate to have the
LISP package use the SYSTEM package. ...
The main reason is that this makes porting between dialects a
pain. Suppose that some implementation has a symbol SYSTEM:FOO
which is a system constant. CLtL does not prohibit that symbol
being placed on the LISP package. But if I build and application
which builds a package on LISP, I have no assurance that doing
(DEFVAR FOO 3) will not be trying to redefine a system constant.
This seems confused. The packages which LISP uses has no effect on
packages which use LISP, since inherited symbols become internal