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- To: common-lisp@SU-AI.ARPA
- From: Dick@MC.LCS.MIT.EDU
- Date: Thu, 03 Apr 1986 19:02:00 -0000
- Sender: DICK%OZ.AI.MIT.EDU@XX.LCS.MIT.EDU
A few days ago I sent out a message about LetS. Apparently because it
was too long, it did not get through to all of the recipients. I am including
a shortened form of the message below. I apologize to all the people who are
getting this twice.
SHORTENED LETS MESSAGE
This message advertises a Common Lisp macro package called LetS (rhymes with
lettuce) which it is hoped will become a standard iteration facility in Common
Lisp. LetS makes it possible to write a wide class of algorithms which are
typically written as loops in a functional style which is similar to
expressions written with the Common Lisp sequence functions. LetS supports a
number of features which make LetS expressions more expressive than sequence
expressions. However, the key feature of LetS is that every LetS expression is
automatically transformed into an efficient iterative loop. As a result,
unlike sequence expressions, LetS expressions are just as efficient as the
traditional loop expressions they replace.
Extensive documentation of LetS is in the file "DICK;LETSD >" on the
MIT-AI machine. You are invited to read this documentation and make
comments on it. I am interested in getting as wide a feedback as
possible. If you cannot access the documentation file directly, send
me your US mail address and I will mail you a copy.
After an initial testing and feedback period, a final version of LetS which
runs under all Common Lisps will be created along with formal documentation.
This should happen within a couple of months.
The following is a couple of examples of using LetS
This sums up the positive elements in a vector.
(defun sum-pos-vect-lets (v)
(Rsum (Tplusp (Evector v))))
Automatic mapping is used for ordinary fns applied to series of values.
(defun sum-cube-abs-vect (v)
(Rsum (expt (abs (Evector v)) 3)))
(sum-cube-abs-vect #(1 -2 3)) => (+ 1 8 27) => 36
New series functions can be defined by using the form defunS.
(defunS Rsum (numbers)
(declare (series numbers))
(reduceS #'+ 0 numbers))
LetS provides two forms (LetS and LetS*) which are analogous to let and let*.
(defun mean-and-deviation (observations)
(letS* ((ob (Elist observations))
(num-obs (Rlength ob))
(mean (/ (Rsum ob) num-obs))
(deviation (- (/ (Rsum (expt ob 2)) num-obs) (expt mean 2))))
(list mean deviation)))